Inactivity increases the risk of osteoporosis

Inactivity increases the risk of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease that occurs when the bones in the body become weak and brittle as a result of the reduced stiffness. Osteoporosis, which can be seen in all bones in the body, affects the spine, hip, and wrist mostly. It is mostly silent unless there is a fracture. Spinal, hip, and wrist fractures may occur due to increased bone fragility. Osteoporosis, which is generally seen over the age of 45, is a disease that increases the likelihood of fracture of the bone due to the decrease in calcium in the bone structure.

Inactivity increases the risk of osteoporosis

– What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?

The most common symptom of osteoporosis is a pain in the spine and back. The reason for these pains is explained as microfractures seen in weakened bone. There are a lot of microscopic fractures in the bones. These fractures are repaired with new bone tissue made by the body. However, this metabolic state slows down in osteoporosis. In this case, small fractures can grow and cause large fractures. Symptoms of osteoporosis include low back and back pain, shortening in height, and fractures that can lead to humpback.

– Why is osteoporosis more common in women?

According to the Osteoporosis Society of Turkey data; it can be seen over the age of 50 (one in three women and one in 5 men). Osteoporosis is more common in women with weak, thin, and delicate builds. Entering menopause in women is an important risk factor for osteoporosis. Bone loss before menopause is rare in women. Postmenopausal bone resorption and fractures can often be seen. The most important reason for this is the decrease in the female hormones of women entering the menopause period.

Why is osteoporosis less common in men?

It can be counted that men have shorter lives than women, have high bone mass ratios in men during skeletal development. The protective effect of “testosterone”, also known as male hormone, is not a condition such as menopause, which accelerates bone destruction.

– What are the risk factors for osteoporosis?

Being at an advanced age, genetic predisposition, insufficient sunbathing, insufficient calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D intake, female sex, post-menopausal period, disorders of thyroid and sex hormones, adrenal gland diseases, continuous use of steroids, smoking – alcohol – coffee consumption, to lead a sedentary lifestyle.

Inactivity increases the risk of osteoporosis

– How is it diagnosed?

The diagnosis of osteoporosis is made according to the data obtained by the method called DEXA and whether there are any fractures.

– How is the treatment?

It is necessary to treat osteoporosis with medication and non-drug methods. If there are no fractures or symptoms in patients diagnosed with osteoporosis, preventive treatment should be started. The main principle in preventive treatment is to provide the patient with activity and exercise. Brisk walks can keep the bone from maintaining its current strength. Drug treatment is preferred according to the patient’s condition and may vary according to each patient. Preservative drugs can reduce and balance the destruction seen during osteoporosis. Such drugs are used in treatment in accordance with the age group of the patient. In patients with advanced osteoporosis, fractures of the spine begin, some additional measures should be taken to reduce pain associated with these fractures. Regular exercise programs, corset treatment, and filling the bone with organic materials are the issues that should be applied in treatment. You should be careful to have your checks regularly, considering that osteoporosis is a very common disease and that it can also occur and cause serious problems in the future.

– What are ways to prevent osteoporosis?

It is important to gain a nutritional habit rich in calcium and vitamin D, sports, sunbathing from a young age. Avoiding smoking and alcohol, early recognition of osteoporosis, providing timely treatment in patients with osteoporosis, and preventing fracture formation. It is necessary to ensure that patients with fractures survive with minimum harm, prevent complications, and increase the quality of life.

Inactivity increases the risk of osteoporosis